Four conservation areas are part of the State of Ngardmau. 'Ileakl el Beluu' Reef is the only
fully marine conservation area. The Ngermasech Channel area is a marine and land nature reserve.
Taki and Ngerchelchuus only conserve important parts of the land.
The conservation areas were created
Ngermasech is a marine and land conservation area. It is situated in the eastern
part of Ngardmau. The origins of the nature reserve lie far in the past.
According to an old legend this area was first protected by three men,
who did not allow any trespassing, and later through the clan chiefs by a traditional law, called "bul".
Nowadays the Bureau of Marine Resource determined the area to be a spawning site for many types of fishes and the state decided
to protect it by the Ngermasech Conservation Area Act, which prohibits fishing in these waters permanently.
Protecting Ngardmau‘s Marine Resource
The Conservation Area consists of mangrove forests, sea grass beds and coral reefs. Napoleon fishes and
parrot fishes, which are commonly found in this area,
are an important part of the eco system and are classified as ‘threatened‘ under the Palau Endangered
The sea grass and mangroves protect the local community from storm waves and provide also a very important natural
filter for the sediment that is carried from the watersheds of Babeldaob towards the coral reefs. It is also an important
feeding ground and habitat for the sea cucumber and the highly endangered dugong.
Dugongs are rare mammals living in salt water regions mostly not deeper than 24 feets (8 meters) and mostly eat sea grass.
‘Ileakl el Beluu‘ Reef
This conservation area is meant to be a retreat area for all sea creatures. In the old days, this
region was known as a spawning area for trouchus, a snail whose shell is still used to
produce buttons for high quality clothes. Today this reserve is so important because it
still provides these unique properties
and is also one of Ngardmau‘s breeding place for all different kind of fishes.
Both these areas were created because the waterfall
and the mountain are popular destinations
for visitors. With the increasing popularity with the local people and tourists it became important
to provide guidelines and restrictions for the treatment of the nature. Only with these nature
reserves it is possible to maintain and conserve the beauty of the nature and the habitat of
the animals living there. The State of Ngardmau is glad to have such an intact and diverse nature.